Curator of numerous exhibitions devoted to the Himalayan masks and tribal arts in institutions or museums, such as the Museum of Castre au Suquet (Cannes) or the Museum of Asian Arts of Toulon, François Pannier also published a number of catalogs on masks, shamanism and ghurras.
Adrien Viel is a doctoral researcher in Himalayan anthropology and a fellow of the Barbier Mueller Museum Cultural Foundation (2020 - 2022). Author, director and photographer, he has been working in Nepal since 2007
A.R.C.H., the Association pour le Rayonnement des Cultures Himalayennes (Association for the Promotion and Preservation of Himalayan Cultures) complies with the French legal organizational statutes prescribed by the law of 1901, and was founded in 1990 for the purpose of producing exhibitions that would help shed light on the often very poorly know aspects and features of Himalayan cultures.
The first of these was titled “Art Newar de vallée de Kathmandu” (Newar Art of the Kathmandu Valley) which was organized by EPAD at the Défense in Paris. Others followed, most notably:
• “Les Masques de l’Himalaya” (Masks of the Himalayas). Musée de la Castre, in the Le Suquet area of Cannes.
• “Masques tribaux de l'Himalaya” (Tribal Masks of the Himalayas). Fundacion Antonio Pérez in Cuenca, Spain. Shown again in Guyancourt, near Paris.
• “Masques & arts tribaux de l'Himalaya” (Masks and Tribal Art of the Himalayas). Musée des Arts Asiatiques of Toulon.
• “Masques de l’Himalaya” (Masks of the Himalayas). Fondation Bernard et Caroline de Watteville in Martigny, Switzerland.
• “Masques, art tribaux et chamaniques de l’Himalaya” (Masks, Tribal and Shamanic Arts of the Himalayas). Espace Durand-Dessert, Paris.
• “L’aluminium dans l’art” (Aluminum in Art). Fondation Bernard et Caroline de Watteville in Martigny, Switzerland.
• “Himalaya Tribal” (Tribal Himalaya). Musée des Arts d’Afrique et d’Asie of Vichy.
Working in close collaboration with the Instituto Culturale Internazionale (ICI) in Venice, and often in collaboration with the Alliance Française, Ca’Foscari University and Professor Stefano Beggiora, we have been able to present exhibitions on Nepalese shamanism, Bhutanese textiles, and Zan Par. Thanks to them, the “Les masques du Ramayana chez les Rajbanchi” (The Masks of the Ramayana among the Rajbanchi) exhibition was organized and presented first in Paris, then at Art et Cultures in Crans Montana, and finally at the Museo d’Arte Orientale in Venice in 2018.
These exhibitions were generally accompanied by the publication of catalogs that are considered important reference works. In 2007, in tandem with the exhibition at the Vieux Colombier in Paris called “Les masques de l’Himalaya, l’art chamanique et les ghurras du Népal” (The Masks of the Himalayas, Shamanic Art and the Ghurras of Nepal), the Association also organized the 1st International Colloquium on “Les Masques et Arts Tribaux de l'Himalaya” (The Masks and Tribal Arts of the Himalayas) at the Cernuschi Museum. The acts of the colloquium have been published.
This original primary objective of producing exhibitions that the Association has traditionally had has now shifted as a result of the upheavals that are currently taking place in the Himalayan region.
The structures of Himalayan society are changing as it runs headlong into the major problems that confront the entire world. Himalayan ethnic groups are also undergoing transformations as parts of their populations emigrate abroad to find work that can support their families. For some, the customs and the beliefs in the villages are disappearing completely, and in the best of cases, they are evolving. The younger generations in rural areas are no longer really willing to live like their parents did. Traditional rural society is disappearing, and the beliefs and special skills that were an integral part of it are disappearing with it. Technology has also brought changes in habits: shamans make their appointments with cell phones, ceremonies are interrupted so participants can watch wrestling matches on television, and young monks follow World Cup soccer in the monasteries. In addition, the fragility of the cultural and historical sites of the Kathmandu Valley is such that particular attention must be paid to preserving its inter-ethnic architecture. The Newar, Hindu, Buddhist and tribal structures have given us a sublime art, but frequent violent earthquakes regularly damage and further weaken these places that UNESCO classifies as World Heritage sites. Nepal is not the only country that is facing these problems and difficulties. They are manifest everywhere from the Kalash cultural area of Northwest Pakistan to the traditional provinces of Tibet.
Our ambition is to work to safeguard these endangered traditions. It is urgent to retain what can still be salvaged from this millennium old culture from which Sylvain Lévi obtained his information over a century ago. Going forward, we will thus orient the Association more in the direction of research, and will strive to disseminate and make known the fruits of that research by all means and media possible, including with lectures, publications and round-table discussions. A technical and artistic committee made up of people who have already collaborated with us in research and in the production of our publications has been set up. They will bring their knowledge of the area, its art and its people, to the various projects ARCH will embark on. Lastly, the mysterious world in which the shamans are evolving is so vast and complex that confrontations with other cultures can be enriching. We do not exclude the idea that we might evoke them as part of our work, and to help shed light on it. With this goal in mind, the Toit du Monde newsletters will henceforth be published under the ARCH label.